Type 1 Versus Type 2 Diabetes: What you Should Know

Type 1 Versus Type 2 Diabetes: What you Should Know

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects 37.3 million Americans, with 1 in 5 unaware that they have it. Over the last 20 years, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has doubled.

Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the US and is the number 1 cause of kidney failure, lower-limb amputations, and adult blindness.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes can be a life-long condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.

Most of the food we eat is broken down into sugar (glucose) and released into the bloodstream. When your blood sugar levels increase, it signals the pancreas to release insulin. The insulin lets the blood sugar into your body’s cells to be used as energy, acting as a key.

However, if you have diabetes, your body is either not making enough insulin, or can’t use it as well as it should.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Heavy thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • The need to urinate more frequently
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue

It’s important to understand the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, so let’s dive in.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 affects 5-10% of those who have diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction when the body attacks itself, which stops your body from making insulin. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in the bloodstream. This causes serious health problems over time, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.

Symptoms often develop quickly, and people with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day.

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:

  • family history (having a parent, brother, or sister with type 1 diabetes)
  • age (it is usually diagnosed in children, adults, and young adults, but can be diagnosed at any age.)

In the US, white people are more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes than African American or Hispanic, or Latino people.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 affects 90-95% of those who have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels.

Type 2 diabetes develops over many years, so symptoms may not be noticed at first.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:

  • if you have prediabetes: more than 1 in 3 adults in the US – that’s 96 million people – have prediabetes. This is where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, yet not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. People with prediabetes can make lifestyle changes to reverse it.
  • age: if you’re over 45 years old
  • if you’re overweight
  • family history (having a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes)
  • fitness: if you’re physically active less than 3 times per week

The good news is that this type of diabetes can be prevented with healthy lifestyle changes such as losing weight, eating healthy foods, and being active.

Managing diabetes

Although there’s no cure for diabetes, people can take medicine as prescribed by their doctor, make lifestyle changes, and benefit from healthcare technology.

Diabits is a glucose management app that builds a personalized model of the user’s unique blood glucose metabolism and physiology, using it to forecast future fluctuations before they occur. Endobits is a physician platform that enables doctors to remotely monitor patients in real-time. Endobits automatically identifies clinically relevant events, allowing providers to save time and focus on what matters most.

We’re proud to help thousands of people to live a healthier life and better manage their health. We focus on prevention rather than treatment. It’s all about customized care.

So, be proactive, take control of your health, and enjoy peace of mind.

Ask us about our healthcare solutions to better manage your diabetes.

We believe in the power of foresight.